Is there an objective basis to the reasoning, or is the author merely “proving” what he or she already believes? Specify any assessment of risk of bias that may affect the cumulative evidence e. A broader, more complex research problem can be investigated because the researcher is not constrained by using only one method. A single or small number of cases offers little basis for establishing reliability or to generalize the findings to a wider population of people, places, or things. This type of research focuses on objective knowledge, research questions that can be answered yes or no, and operational definitions of variables to be measured. These questions are not only lightening your search but also directing you in evaluating, analyzing and interpreting collected data; It can be thought as compass for exploring “the forest” of knowledge and finding out your own path of the review.

This will usually follow your statement of purpose in the last paragraph of the introduction. Longitudinal studies facilitate the prediction of future outcomes based upon earlier factors. This also increases the chance that key variables change during the course of the study, potentially impacting the validity of the findings. A systematic description of your results, highlighting for the reader observations that are most relevant to the topic under investigation [remember that not all results that emerge from the methodology used to gather the data may be relevant]. Has my search been wide enough to ensure I’ve found all the relevant material?

taylor dena procter margaret. the literature review a few tips on conducting it

Recapitulate important features of a research study, but then synthesize it by rephrasing the study’s significance and relating it to your own work. Descriptive Research Design, September 26, Should I evaluate the sources?

Present a result and then explain it, before presenting the next result then explaining it, and so on. Okay, after you think of bananas. Longitudinal studies facilitate the prediction porcter future outcomes based upon earlier factors. Is contrary data considered or is certain pertinent information ignored to prove the author’s point? This makes the observations more true to what happens in the chaotic, natural world.


The design can provide detailed descriptions of specific and rare cases. Pearson, ; Savitt, Ronald. The sources of historical materials must be archived consistentally mwrgaret.

ensure access. It can take a long period of time to gather results.

Maintaining the integrity of the original sample can be difficult over an extended period of time. Chapter 18, Action Research. Most effectively demonstrates your ability as a researcher to think critically about an issue, to develop creative solutions to problems based upon a logical synthesis of the findings, and to formulate a deeper, more profound tbe of the research problem under investigation.

Second are the reviews of those studies that summarize and offer new interpretations built from and often extending beyond the primary studies.

Literature review

Do not ignore these problems or pretend they did not occur. A eeview organized in this manner would shift between time periods within each section according to the point made. Problems to Avoid When writing the results section, avoid doing the following: Engaging the Reader The overarching goal of your introduction is to make your readers want to literatuer your paper. These overarching tools of analysis can be framed in three ways: The bibliography or reference section of sources you’ve already read are also excellent entry points into your own research.

You only need one to be the spark that begins the process of wanting to learn more about a topic.

Literature review – EduTech Wiki

However, it does ruin some of the naturalness that one might get from field observation. Without attending to these design issues beforehand, the overall research problem will not be adequately addressed and any conclusions drawn will risk being weak and unconvincing. If you lack ideas, or wish to gain focus, try some or all of the following strategies: Guilford, ; Gall, Meredith. These kind of criteria are called criteria for inclusion and exclusion [1].


This information has to be recorded carefully in appropriate form, for example, coding book is recommended in [1]. Difficult to apply ethnographic and other qualitative methods to experimentally designed studies.

taylor dena procter margaret. the literature review a few tips on conducting it

Be Selective Select only the most important points in each source to highlight in the review. Interpretive methods focus on analytically conducring the meaning-making practices of human subjects [the why, how, or by what means people do what they do], while showing how those practices arrange so that it can be used to generate observable outcomes.

Feq give out the research or project goals, Clearly state the problems, Briefly introduce the history related to the topic, Deeply expend each problem statement with facts found in jpurnal papers and reports, Intently identify areas of controversy in the literature, The review synthesize results into a summary of what is and is not known, The review materials are organized around based on the themes and trends.

Evidence-Based Dentistry 7 Doing Case Study Research: If you are analzying existing data, such as a data set or archival documents, describe how it was originally created or gathered and by whom.