Plants have also degraded due to polluted water. LDA, basically an engineering organization, addressed several developmental activities with due involvement of local communities and its capacity to address the situation is well organized. The main components of the project, as built, are, a the Ithai Barrage , across the Manipur river of Cretaceous limestone , the Disang with Serpentinites Lower to Middle Eocene —Upper Cretaceous , the Surmas and the Tipams Miocene are the dominant rock formations in the catchment of the Manipur basin. Over here USA , we tend to think of India as cities with teeming masses of people. The Loktak lake and its precincts have faced serious problems due to loss of vegetal cover in the catchment area and construction of Ithai barrage at the outlet of the lake for multipurpose development of water resources.

But the avifauna recorded in different habitats of the lake is reported to be declining. The lake is also a source of livelihood for the rural fishermen who live in the surrounding areas and on phumdis, and catch their fish by using various nets and indigenous traps. Higher reaches of hills have the Disang and Tipam groups of rocks while Surma group occurs in the lower reaches. Based on all the analysis, the future approach suggested involves mitigation measures as elaborated are: The State Fisheries Department has established a fisheries centre within this zone at Takmu pat for fisheries development. In reality, there are so many lovely, rural areas in the country. Also recorded were species of animals— vertebrates and invertebrates.

The Sendra Island Tourist Bungalow offers dazzling views of the lake, its mqnipur plant and the intriguing floating weed, shallow bowl-like islands Phumdi and the fishermen who live on them harvesting water chestnuts. European Journal of Sustainable Development.

Loktak lake at Manipur

Views Read Edit View history. The largest of all the phumdis covers an area of 40 km2 15 sq mi and is situated on the southeastern shore of the lake. Fifty percent of the fingerlings produced were esssy into the Loktak Lake and the balance were distributed to beneficiary fishing committees.


Natural capture fishery without the requirement of any lease or licence was also in vogue in the lake.

Loktak lake at Manipur – Photo Essay – JPG

Human activity has led to severe pressure on the lake ecosystem. You got my vote!!! Proliferation of phumdis has been observed near the mouth of Ungamel channel, Kumbi pat, Nongmaikhong and Khordak area.

essay on loktak lake of manipur

Retrieved 4 April It serves as a source of water for hydropower generation, irrigation and drinking water supply in the region, other than being the source of income for many fishermen who largely depend on it.

The new fish varieties introduced in lake were grass carp, silver carp and the old varieties of the local fishes like Channa punctatus ngamuAnabas testudineus ukabiAnguilla ngarilpangba, tharak, and ngashap stated to be under serious decline. The Land of the Dancing Deer”.

Argillaceous and arneceous sequence represents the Surma and Tipam groups, respectively. The annual silt flow into the lake is estimated to betons.

essay on loktak lake of manipur

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. In the habitat part of the rooted plants, Hydrophasianus chirurgusMetopidius indicusand others were reported; once abundant now show a declining trend. Fauna recorded in the precincts of the Lake in the Keibul Lamjo National Park are the Indian pythonsambarbarking deerthe endangered sangai species of Eld’s deerwild bearMuntiacus muntjakrhesus monkeyhoolock gibbonstump-tailed macaqueIndian civet Viverra zibethamarbled cat and Temminck’s golden cat.

Log in or sign up! Based on all the analysis, the future approach suggested involves mitigation measures as elaborated are: Odissi is a classical dance of Odisha, India. Retrieved 3 April It is nice to see this part of India. Briefly, the details of the avifauna recorded now are elaborated. To address all the issues raised on the health of the lake, as detailed above, Government of Manipur has set up the Loktak Development Authority LDA under “The Manipur Loktak Lake Protection Act, Manipur Act 3 of ” with the objective “to provide for administration, control, protection, improvement, conservation and development of the natural environment of the Loktak Lake and for matters connected with as incidental thereto.


Rajmuhon 1 February The Imphal River is also linked with this zone by the Khordak channel.

Loktak Lake

Even though the Ithai barrage and its operation by NHPC have contributed to the deterioration of the lake environment and the surrounding people, the mind set of the people conditioned by the water level and submergence that operation of the project needs drastic change to solve the lakes’ problems had prevented lame of feasible alternate solutions, given the situation that drastic change of NHPC approach to operate the project was not feasible.

It is the main open water zone of the lake, which was relatively free from phumdis in the past, but over the years ‘athaphums’ artificially created phumdis for fishing constructed by villagers for fishing have proliferated choking the entire lake. Located on this phumdi, Keibul Lamjao National Manipuf is the only floating national park in the world.

To a certain extent the manpiur of the lake can be considered fresh in terms of trace elemental pollutants. Richard Knight gave props 5 Apr Considering the ecological status and its biodiversity values, the lake was initially designated as a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention on March 23, I magine standing on a piece of land that floats on mamipur.

The Sendra Tourist Home on the island with an attached Cafeteria in the middle of the lake is an ideal tourist spot.