DISCUSS THE DAVIS-MOORE THESIS OF STRATIFICATION AND MERITOCRACY
The Functionalist View of Stratification:
It is argued that if abilities were inherent, there would be no need tye a reward system. The distribution of positions cannot be understood merely by achievement but achievement itself is conditioned by ascription of status.
Opportunities for achievement are not distributed equally. Main principles of structural functionalism: Davis and Moore argue that the most difficult jobs stratificatuon any society are the most necessary and require the highest rewards and compensation to sufficiently motivate individuals to fill them.
Secondly, Davis and Moore do not clearly indicate why some positions should be worth more than others, other than the fact that they meritoctacy remunerated more, claiming, for example, that teachers are equally, if not more, functionally necessary than athletes and movie stars, yet, they receive significantly lower incomes. Once the roles are filled, the division of labour functions properly, based on the notion of organic solidarity advanced by Emile Durkheim.
Davis–Moore hypothesis – Wikipedia
It must solve the problem of motivation at two levels: Scarcity of talent is not an adequate explanation of stratification. Summary of the Davis-Moore Thesis: Tumin states see Levine, p. Criticism of the Davis-Moore Thesis: Each part of a society exists because it has a vital function to perform in maintaining the existence or stability of society as a whole; the existence of any part of a society is therefore explained when its function for the whole is identified.
Davis and Moore argue like this: Just because stratification is universal does not mean it is a vital aspect or system need of society. Filling the positions within a social structure is a basic need of any society. Society must distribute its members among the various positions in society.
Why are some positions in society higher than others? Not all positions are equally pleasant, equally importantor equal in terms of required talent and ability.
The Davis—Moore hypothesissometimes referred to as the Davis—Moore theoryis a central claim within the structural functionalist paradigm of sociological theory, and was advanced by Kingsley Davis and Wilbert E.
The hypothesis is an attempted explanation of social stratificationbased on the idea of “functional necessity”. Societies are complex systems of interrelated and interdependent parts, and each part of a society significantly influences the others.
Why do the straatification positions carry more status and rewards? Moore in a paper published in Davis and Moore claimed that their theory was tje to all forms of society. The universality of stratification does not mean it is necessarily beneficial or inevitable. Some rewards are not functionally determined at all, but rather must be understood within the context of wealth ownership and institution of inheritance. As a structural functionalist theory, it is also associated with Talcott Parsons and Robert K.
Retrieved from ” https: This argument has been criticized as fallacious from a number of different angles.
People have to be motivated to fill certain positions and perform their duties.